McDowell and Wyoming Co, WV Families and Individuals

Notes


George R. Rash

1. Pulaski Co, VA; Marriage License #7571; Ancestry.com Web Site.
George R. Rash; age 48; born in Pulaski Co, VA; single; miner; living in Parrott, VA; son of David and
Lucy F. (Vickman) Rash; married on 29 Mar 1943 in Pulaski Co, VA; Dorothy Ellen Rutherford; age
27; born in Mingo Co, WV; single; living in Parrott, VA; daughter of Leonard and Arvie (Duty)
Rutherford.


Dorothy Ellen Rutherford

1. Pulaski Co, VA; Marriage License #7571; Ancestry.com Web Site.
George R. Rash; age 48; born in Pulaski Co, VA; single; miner; living in Parrott, VA; son of David and
Lucy F. (Vickman) Rash; married on 29 Mar 1943 in Pulaski Co, VA; Dorothy Ellen Rutherford; age
27; born in Mingo Co, WV; single; living in Parrott, VA; daughter of Leonard and Arvie (Duty)
Rutherford.
2. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1962); Page 50; WV Archives Web Site.
Richard Deyo Booker; age 49; born in Jefferson Co, AL; widowed; living at 68 Maple Terrance,
Welch, WV; married on 19 Jun 1962 in Welch, WV; Dorothy Ellen Rutherford; age 45; born in
Matewan, WV; divorced; living in Welch, WV.
3. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Valerie Neal; 15 Feb 2016.
" Dorothy Booker
Birth 4 Jul 1914
West Virginia, USA
Death 14 Feb 1969 (aged 54)
Welch, McDowell County, West Virginia, USA
Burial
New Belcher Mountain Community Cemetery
McDowell County, West Virginia, USA "


Arthur Jones Jr

1. Russell Co, VA; Marriage License #19573; WV Archives Web Site.
Arthur Jones, Jr; age 41; born in Cranberry, WV; single; truck driver; living at Welch, WV; son of Arthur
and Grace (Coplett) Jones, Sr; married on 6 Jun 1964 in Russel Co, VA; Naomi Booker; maiden
name, Belcher; age 41; born in Superior, WV; widow; one previous marriage; housewife; living at
Welch, WV; daughter of Miles and Sarah (Mullins) Belcher.


Naomi "Oma" Belcher

1. 1930 Census, McDowell Co, WV; Browns Creek District; taken on 10 Apr 1930; Page 101A;
Family #267/253.
Listed as Oma Belcher; age 4 yrs, 1 mon; born in WV; in household of father, Miles Belcher.
2. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1945); Page 340; WV Archives Web Site.
Tom Booker; age 33; born in AL; single; living at Superior, WV; married on 28 Apr 1945 in Welch,
WV; Naoma Belcher; age 22; born and living in Superior, WV; single.
3. Russell Co, VA; Marriage License #19573; WV Archives Web Site.
Arthur Jones, Jr; age 41; born in Cranberry, WV; single; truck driver; living at Welch, WV; son of Arthur
and Grace (Coplett) Jones, Sr; married on 6 Jun 1964 in Russel Co, VA; Naomi Booker; maiden
name, Belcher; age 41; born in Superior, WV; widow; one previous marriage; housewife; living at
Welch, WV; daughter of Miles and Sarah (Mullins) Belcher.
4. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Shelburn Wilkes; 1 Mar 2008.
" Naomi Belcher Dillon
Birth 22 Feb 1922
Superior, McDowell County, West Virginia, USA
Death 11 Nov 2007 (aged 85)
Beckley, Raleigh County, West Virginia, USA
Burial
Rock House Cemetery
Carswell, McDowell County, West Virginia, USA "

Additional Information Posted:
"Daughter of the late Miles Becher and Sarah Mullins. She was a homemaker. She enjoyed embroidery, crocheting and gardening. She was a resident of Beckley most of her life. In addition to her parents, she was preceded in death by her husbands, Tom Booker, Arthur Jones, Jr., and Lawrence "Red" Dillon. She was survived by her children; Patty Mitchem, Juanita Collins, Diane Donell, Bobby Booker, Janice Gwinn, Lillian Eldridge, and Beth Redden. She was survived by an extended family. Funeral held 11/15/2007 with The Rev. Harold Simpson, The Rev. Shirley Simpson, and The Rev. Martha Dalton officiating"


Richard Deyo Booker

1. 1930 Census, Pike Co, KY; District #6; taken 17 Apr 1930; Page 175A; Image 7 of 97; Family #74.
Listed as Deyo Booker; age 18; born in AL; single; in household of father, Robert N. Booker.
2. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Richard Deyo Booker
Gender: Male
Race: White
Age: 28
Relationship to Draftee: Self (Head)
Birth Date: 24 Nov 1911
Birth Place: Alabama, USA
Residence Place: Williamson, Mingo, West Virginia, USA
Registration Date: 16 Oct 1940
Registration Place: Williamson, Mingo, West Virginia, USA
Employer: W P A
Weight: 150
Complexion: Dark
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Height: 5 10
Next of Kin: Richard D Booker
Household Members:
Name Relationship
Richard Deyo Booker Self (Head)
Richard D Booker Wife"
3. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1962); Page 50; WV Archives Web Site.
Richard Deyo Booker; age 49; born in Jefferson Co, AL; widowed; living at 68 Maple Terrance,
Welch, WV; married on 19 Jun 1962 in Welch, WV; Dorothy Ellen Rutherford; age 45; born in
Matewan, WV; divorced; living in Welch, WV.
4. Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Richard Booker
SSN: 233-20-6765
Last Residence:
24853 Kimball, Mcdowell, West Virginia, USA
Born: 24 Nov 1913
Died: Jul 1986
State (Year) SSN issued: West Virginia (Before 1951)"
5. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by rldrummer; 23 Feb 2011.
" Richard Deyo Booker
Birth 1912
Alabama, USA
Death Jul 1986 (aged 73–74)
West Virginia, USA
Burial
New Belcher Mountain Community Cemetery
McDowell County, West Virginia, USA"


Dorothy Ellen Rutherford

1. Pulaski Co, VA; Marriage License #7571; Ancestry.com Web Site.
George R. Rash; age 48; born in Pulaski Co, VA; single; miner; living in Parrott, VA; son of David and
Lucy F. (Vickman) Rash; married on 29 Mar 1943 in Pulaski Co, VA; Dorothy Ellen Rutherford; age
27; born in Mingo Co, WV; single; living in Parrott, VA; daughter of Leonard and Arvie (Duty)
Rutherford.
2. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1962); Page 50; WV Archives Web Site.
Richard Deyo Booker; age 49; born in Jefferson Co, AL; widowed; living at 68 Maple Terrance,
Welch, WV; married on 19 Jun 1962 in Welch, WV; Dorothy Ellen Rutherford; age 45; born in
Matewan, WV; divorced; living in Welch, WV.
3. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Valerie Neal; 15 Feb 2016.
" Dorothy Booker
Birth 4 Jul 1914
West Virginia, USA
Death 14 Feb 1969 (aged 54)
Welch, McDowell County, West Virginia, USA
Burial
New Belcher Mountain Community Cemetery
McDowell County, West Virginia, USA "


Emmitt O. Graves

1. 1930 Census, Jefferson Co, AL; Warrior; Precinct #17; taken 12 Apr 1930; Page 48B; Image 18 of 41;
Family #175/175.
Listed as Emmitt Graves; age 16; born in AL; single; Negro; in household of father, Sam Graves.
2. Jefferson Co, AL; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1937); Page 414; LDS Web Site; via Ancestry.com Web
Site.
Emmett Graves; age 25; born 12 Mar 1914 in Warrior, AL; miner; son of Sam and Sarah (Sanders)
Graves; married on 13 Nov 1937 in Warrior, AL; Ruby L. Perkins; age 21; born 20 Apr 1916 in
Warrior, AL; this is her 2nd marriage, first marriage, husband deceased; daughter of Will and Tinnie
(Gilbert) Perkins.
3. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Emmett Graves
Race: Black
Age: 28
Relationship to Draftee: Self (Head)
Birth Date: 12 Apr 1912
Birth Place: Jefferson, Alabama, USA
Residence Place: Kistler, Logan, West Virginia, USA
Registration Date: 16 Oct 1940
Employer: Buffalo Chilton Coal Co
Weight: 150
Complexion: Dark
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Height: 5 6
Next of Kin: Sam Graves
Household Members:
Name Relationship
Emmett Graves Self (Head)
Sam Graves Father"
4. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1952); Page 278; WV Archives Web Site.
Emit Graves; age 39; born in Warrior, AL; divorced; colored; living at Wilcoe, WV; married on 16 Feb
1952 at Wilcoe, WV; Julia A. Caldwell; age 25; born in Morganton, NC; divorced; colored; living at
Wilcoe, WV.
5. Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Emmit O Graves
Gender: Male
Race: Black
Birth Date: 28 Mar 1910
Birth Place: Warrior, Alabama
[Warrior|]
Death Date: 15 May 1997
Claim Date: 23 May 1972
Father: Samuel Graves
Mother: Sarah Sanders
SSN: 421059436
Citizenship or Alien Status: U.S. citizen.
Type of Claim: Evidence other than birth record submitted; U.S. citizen or alien allowed to work.
Notes: 30 Aug 1991: Name listed as EMMIT O GRAVES"
6. Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Emmit O. Graves
SSN: 421-05-9436
Last Residence:
19133 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Born: 28 Mar 1910
Died: 15 May 1997
State (Year) SSN issued: Alabama (Before 1951)"
7. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Crypt Tonight; 14 Sep 2017.
"Emmit O. Graves
Birth 1910
Death 1997 (aged 86–87)
Burial
Northwood Cemetery
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA "


Julia A. Caldwell

1. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1952); Page 278; WV Archives Web Site.
Emit Graves; age 39; born in Warrior, AL; divorced; colored; living at Wilcoe, WV; married on 16 Feb
1952 at Wilcoe, WV; Julia A. Caldwell; age 25; born in Morganton, NC; divorced; colored; living at
Wilcoe, WV.


Emmitt O. Graves

1. 1930 Census, Jefferson Co, AL; Warrior; Precinct #17; taken 12 Apr 1930; Page 48B; Image 18 of 41;
Family #175/175.
Listed as Emmitt Graves; age 16; born in AL; single; Negro; in household of father, Sam Graves.
2. Jefferson Co, AL; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1937); Page 414; LDS Web Site; via Ancestry.com Web
Site.
Emmett Graves; age 25; born 12 Mar 1914 in Warrior, AL; miner; son of Sam and Sarah (Sanders)
Graves; married on 13 Nov 1937 in Warrior, AL; Ruby L. Perkins; age 21; born 20 Apr 1916 in
Warrior, AL; this is her 2nd marriage, first marriage, husband deceased; daughter of Will and Tinnie
(Gilbert) Perkins.
3. WWII Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Emmett Graves
Race: Black
Age: 28
Relationship to Draftee: Self (Head)
Birth Date: 12 Apr 1912
Birth Place: Jefferson, Alabama, USA
Residence Place: Kistler, Logan, West Virginia, USA
Registration Date: 16 Oct 1940
Employer: Buffalo Chilton Coal Co
Weight: 150
Complexion: Dark
Eye Color: Brown
Hair Color: Black
Height: 5 6
Next of Kin: Sam Graves
Household Members:
Name Relationship
Emmett Graves Self (Head)
Sam Graves Father"
4. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1952); Page 278; WV Archives Web Site.
Emit Graves; age 39; born in Warrior, AL; divorced; colored; living at Wilcoe, WV; married on 16 Feb
1952 at Wilcoe, WV; Julia A. Caldwell; age 25; born in Morganton, NC; divorced; colored; living at
Wilcoe, WV.
5. Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Emmit O Graves
Gender: Male
Race: Black
Birth Date: 28 Mar 1910
Birth Place: Warrior, Alabama
[Warrior|]
Death Date: 15 May 1997
Claim Date: 23 May 1972
Father: Samuel Graves
Mother: Sarah Sanders
SSN: 421059436
Citizenship or Alien Status: U.S. citizen.
Type of Claim: Evidence other than birth record submitted; U.S. citizen or alien allowed to work.
Notes: 30 Aug 1991: Name listed as EMMIT O GRAVES"
6. Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014; Ancestry.com Web Site.
"Name: Emmit O. Graves
SSN: 421-05-9436
Last Residence:
19133 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Born: 28 Mar 1910
Died: 15 May 1997
State (Year) SSN issued: Alabama (Before 1951)"
7. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Crypt Tonight; 14 Sep 2017.
"Emmit O. Graves
Birth 1910
Death 1997 (aged 86–87)
Burial
Northwood Cemetery
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA "


Ruby Lee Perkins

1. Jefferson Co, AL; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1937); Page 414; LDS Web Site; via Ancestry.com Web
Site.
Emmett Graves; age 25; born 12 Mar 1914 in Warrior, AL; miner; son of Sam and Sarah (Sanders)
Graves; married on 13 Nov 1937 in Warrior, AL; Ruby L. Perkins; age 21; born 20 Apr 1916 in Warrior,
AL; this is her 2nd marriage, first marriage, husband deceased; daughter of Will and Tinnie (Gilbert)
Perkins.
2. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1963); Page 392; WV Archives Web Site.
Willie McKinley Hairston; age 60; born in Martinsville, VA; divorced; colored; living at PO Box 253,
Wilcoe, WV; married on 3 Nov 1963 at Gary, WV; Ruby Lee Perkins Graves; age 43; born in Warrior,
Jefferson Co, AL; divorced; colored; living at Elbert, WV.


Marton S. Green

1. 1900 Census, Wyoming Co, WV, transcribed by Pauline Haga.
Center District, Family #155.
Listed as Martin S. Green, age 9, in household of father, John Green.
2. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1912); Page 249; WV Archives Web Site.
Marton Green; age 21; born in Wyoming Co, WV; single; teacher; living at Welch, WV; son of John W.
and Mary C.; married on 27 Jan 1912 in Welch, WV; Minnie Lockhart; age 16; born in Wyoming Co,
WV; daughter of L.D. and _____.
3. Wyoming Co, WV; WW I Draft Registration Card #1098; Pineville, WV Draft Board; 5 Jun 1917.
Marton Green; age 26; born on 23 Jan 1891at Kimball (McDowell Co), WV; farmer and teacher;
living at Kimball, WV; dependent, wife and 3 children; "disabilities"; tall with medium build; blue eyes
and light hair.
(It is written just below his name: "of J.W.")
4. Wyoming Co, WV Web Site, Cemeteries
http://members.aol.com/jlcooke2/cemetery.htm
Marton Green; born on 23 Jan 1891; died on 7 Nov 1954; buried in Green
Cemetery, Pinnacle Creek, Wyoming Co, WV.
5. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Patty Greene; 27 oct 2005.
" Marton S. Green
Birth 23 Jan 1891
Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA
Death 7 Nov 1954 (aged 63)
Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA
Burial
Green Cemetery
Pineville, Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA "

Additional Information Posted:
"Son of John W. Green (1860-Deceased) & Mary Catherine Hill-Green (1864-1950).

"Brother of Mary Catherine Green-Mullins (1888-1949).

"Married to Minnie Lockhart-Green (1895-1961) on January 27, 1912 in Welch, McDowell County, WV (per WV Marriage License Register, McDowell County, WV, 1912, Page 249, Application Date: January 27, 1912).

"Father of Luther Green, Fay Green-Bennett (Deceased), Mattie Green-Stewart (1918-1999), John Green, Mason Green (Deceased), & Calvin Green (Deceased).

"Marton Green was a retired school teacher. He died at age 63 from a cerebral embolism caused by cardiac disease (per WV Certificate of Death #14348 Dist #550 Serial #59)."


Minnie Lockhart

1. 1900 Census, Wyoming Co, WV, transcribed by Pauline Haga.
Baileysville District, Family #5.
Listed as Minnie Lockhart, age 2, in household of father, Loranzo D.
Lockhart.
2. 1910 Census, McDowell Co, WV, Browns Creek District, Huger Precinct #5, taken on 26 Apr 1910,
Page 236B, Family #165.
Listed as Minnie Lockhart, age 12, born in WV, in household of father, Lorenzo D. Lockhart.
3. McDowell Co, WV; Marriage Records; Vol #__(1912); Page 249; WV Archives Web Site.
Marton Green; age 21; born in Wyoming Co, WV; single; teacher; living at Welch, WV; son of John W.
and Mary C.; married on 27 Jan 1912 in Welch, WV; Minnie Lockhart; age 16; born in Wyoming Co,
WV; daughter of L.D. and _____.
4. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Patty Green; 20 Mar 2008.
" Minnie Lockhart Green
Birth 17 Aug 1895
Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA
Death 20 Feb 1961 (aged 65)
USA
Burial
Green Cemetery
Pineville, Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA "

Additional Information Posted:
"Daughter of Lorenzo Dow Lockhart (1872-1953) & Cora Lee Miller-Lockhart (1876-1904).

"Married to Marton S. Green (1891-1954) on January 27, 1912 in Welch, McDowell County, WV (per WV Marriage License Register, McDowell County, WV, 1912, Page 249, Application Date: January 27, 1912).

"Mother of Luther Green, Fay Green-Bennett (Deceased), Mattie Green-Stewart (1918-1999), John Green, Mason Green (Deceased), & Calvin Green (Deceased)."


Claren Estil Stewart

1. 1920 Census, Wyoming Co, WV, Center District, taken on 4/5/6 Feb 1920, Page 195A, Family #101.
Listed as Claren B. Stewart, age 5, born in WV, in household of father, Alonzo C. Stewart.
2. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Patty Greene; 5 Nov 2008.
" Claren Estil Stewart
Birth 14 Nov 1914
Rock View, Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA
Death 1987 (aged 72–73)
USA
Burial
Palm Memorial Gardens
Matheny, Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA"

Additional Information Posted:
"Son of Alonzo "Lon" Stewart (1868-1938) & Isala "Icie" Workman-Stewart (1891-Deceased) (per WV Register of Births, Wyoming County, WV, 1914, Page 249).

"Brother of Marie Stewart-Scott (1917-Deceased), Audie Stewart-Evans (1919-Deceased), Geneva Stewart-Clay (1921-2012) Dennis Stewart (1924-2004) & Dallas Stewart (Deceased).

"Married to Mattie Green-Stewart (1918-1999).

"Father of Jerry Michael Stewart (1949-1981).


Mattie Green

1. FindAGrave.com Web Site; submitted by Patty Greene; 22 Sep 2008.
" Mattie Green Stewart
Birth 3 Jul 1918
Kimball, McDowell County, West Virginia, USA
Death 1 Oct 1999 (aged 81)
Princeton, Mercer County, West Virginia, USA
Burial
Palm Memorial Gardens
Matheny, Wyoming County, West Virginia, USA"

Additional Information Posted:
"Daughter of the late Marton Green (1891-1954) and Minnie Lockhart-Green (1896-1961).

"Mrs. Stewart was a graduate of Herndon High School, attended West Virginia Tech and graduated with a degree in education from Concord College in Athens.

"She taught school in Wyoming County for 12 years, did social work in Pineville and served as a clerk in Cleveland.

"She was a member of Missionary Baptist Church, Rock View, and belonged to the Order of Eastern Star, Pineville Chapter.

"She was preceded in death by her husband, Claren Estil Stewart (1914-1987); a son, Jerry Michael Stewart (1949-1981); two brothers, Calvin Green (Deceased) and Mason Green (Deceased); and a sister, Faye Green-Bennett (Deceased).

"Survivors include two brothers, Luther Green of Princeton and John Green of Westville, N.J.; and several nephews and nieces."


Leroy Safford Jr

1. Gregory-Page Funeral Home; Welch, WV; Posted Obit.
"Rev. Leroy Safford Jr. age 70, who resided at 312 Park Street in Bluefield, WV; formerly of Kimball, WV, and departed this life early on Tuesday, July 2, 2019 in Princeton Community Hospital. He was born August 30, 1948 in Havaco, WV, and the son of the late Leroy Safford Sr., and Aretha Hughes Safford. After completing his education, he had worked for the Alcohol Beverage Commission In Charleston, WV. He was a paramedic and for many years was employed at U.S. Steel No. 2 Coalmines in Gary, WV. He lived in Kimball before moving to Bluefield approximately 14 years ago. He was of the Baptist faith and was ordained June 10, 1984 as a Minister, at (the former) True Vine Baptist Church in Coalwood, WV. He was a very spiritual man. He loved CB radios and his handle was "Bo Jangles." Also, known to many as June, but his most favorites were Daddy, Pops and Paw-Paw. He enjoyed basketball and was an avid fan of both the Lakers and the Pittsburgh Steelers. He had a great sense of humor and was a "jack of all trades." In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by his wife and soul mate, Mary Etta Kelly Safford; two brothers, Johnny and Jerome Safford. He was his family's "Superhero," and will be greatly missed by his children: Terri Safford of San Antonio, TX, Tanya Morton of Huntington,WV, Leroy Safford and Laron (Stephanie) Safford both of Bluefield, Susan (Joseph) Woods of Hampton, VA, Mariann (Tasheem) Safford and Yorel Safford both of Charlotte, NC; a special daughter, Lyrissa Safford of Radford, VA; a host of grandchildren, three great-grandchildren; his siblings: Leona Safford, Debra Safford and William (Kandy) Safford all of Winston-Salem, NC; and Joe Nathan Baytops of Roanoke, VA; a host of aunts, nephews, nieces, cousins and many friends and his pet, Harley. Rev. Safford's Homegoing Celebration Service will be held at 1:00 p.m., on Saturday, July 13, 2019, at the Mt. Zion Baptist Church 112 Bedford Street, Bluefield, WV. Interment will follow in Restlawn Memorial Gardens 6605 New Hope Road in Bluewell, WV. His family and friends will serve as both pallbearers and flowerbearers. Visitation will begin at 11:00 a.m., until the time of Service at the Church. Services entrusted to Gregory-Page Funeral Home in Welch. (to leave online condolences: www.gregory-pagefh.com)"


Dominic Pugliese

1. McDowell Co, WV; Death Certificate #9182; WV Archives Web Site.
Dominic Pugliesi; age 60 yrs, 7 mon, 3 days; born 24 Nov 1884 in Italy; married; husband of Maria
Pugliesi, age 63; living at Capels, WV; son of Carmelo and Tiolo (Domenica) Pugliesi; died 27 Jun 1945
in Stevens Clinic, Welch, WV; due to nephrosis; buried 29 Nov 1945 in Iaeger Memorial, Roderfield, WV;
informant, John Mirabile, Gary, WV.
2. FindAGrave.com Web Site; Iaeger Memorial Cemetery, Roderfield, McDowell Co, WV; submitted by
B. Walls; 22 Jun 2014.
Domenico Pugliesi; born 1n 1884; died in 1945; buried here; headstone photo shown; "QUI RIPOSA";
translation, "HERE LIES".